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Каталог растений - Аквариумные растения - Myriophyllum spicatum - уруть колосистая
Каталог растений

Myriophyllum spicatum - уруть колосистая

Myriophyllum spicatum - уруть колосистая
Семейство: сланоягодниковые
Описание растения:

Длинные гибкие стебли урути покрыты перистыми, с очень тонкими долями листьями. Разветвленные стебли урути цепляются за весла и часто отрываются. У растения ползучее корневище, от него быстро отрастают новые облиственные побеги. Листья зеленые или буроватые.  Само название Myriophyllum происходит от двух слов: miros - бесчисленный и phyllum - листок. И действительно, длинные (до 1,5 м) стебли урути колосистой с глубоко рассеченными на нитевидные доли листьями (диаметр 220—380 мкм), собранные в мутовки, образуют в воде густое кружево подводных зарослей. С первого взгляда уруть похожа на роголистник (Ceratophyllum), но при более внимательном рассмотрении видно, что перистые листья урути хорошо отличаются от вильчато разветвленных и более ломких листьев роголистника. Мелкие розоватые или беловатые цветки урути собраны в редкий колос, возвышающийся над водой. Интересно, что в одном колосе могут быть цветки трех типов: обоеполые, мужские и женские. Опыляются цветки урути ветром, хотя отмечены и случаи энтомофилии. Ветроопылению способствуют тонкие нити пыльников, приходящие в движение от малейшего ветерка. Самоопыление у Myriophyllum spicatum встречается как исключение и очень редко. Иногда бывают заросли урути и с полностью стерильными цветками. Плоды созревают в середине сентября, а еще через месяц начинают опадать, что растягивается на несколько месяцев. Вегетативное размножение осуществляется турионами (зимующими почками), а также любым отрезком побега. Между половым и вегетативным размножением существует явная корреляция - чем слабее развито плодоношение, тем интенсивнее образуются турионы.


Уход за растением:

Месторасположение Myriophyllum spicatum: уруть колосистая растет в основном в стоячей воде. Ее можно встретить в озерах, тихих речных заводях, в старицах рек, где растут и рдесты. Может образовывать густые заросли на глубине до 2 м. Для нормального развития растения требуют много света. Уруть водную можно выращивать как прибрежное растение. Глубина посадки - 10-40 см. Хорошо растет на открытых солнечных местах или в полутени.
Размножение урути колосистой: вегетативно, частями растения, которые опускают в воду или высаживают на дно на глубине 3-120 см весной или летом.


  

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