Bonsai Styles - a detailed description
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We continue to publish interesting and useful articles about plants. In the continuation of the previously written articles about our history of bonsai and bonsai forms, today we want to focus on styles of bonsai.

Styles of Bonsai metloobraznogo to nalonnogo - details

According to centuries-old Japanese traditions were certain classical styles of bonsai that focus on the appearance of naturally growing trees. Of course, each plant has specific characteristics which together determine its pronounced individuality. Thanks to these qualities, it makes an unforgettable impression of bonsai.

Metloobrazny style bonsai (hokidati)

Style is easily formed, the basic principle is - absolutely correct trunk with the branches arranged in a fan, umbrella, broom. The classic version of bonsai is formed as a result of pinched apical shoots at 1 / 3 the total height of the trunk. When awakened buds formed Uobraznaya shape of the crown. In what branch of the pinch, which creates the desired shape of the crown. For dannogostilya most suitable deciduous tree species that are in the nature of spreading, spreading, broad crown.

Vertical style bonsai (moegi, tatiki)

Classic style single upright tree with strong, evenly distributed around the roots. Lerevo has a perfectly straight trunk, conically tapering towards the apex, clearly distinguished from the front and back sides. When considering the miniature trees in front of that form you can see the branches extending from the stem alternately left and right. Typically, the branches grow horizontally, some slack. The lowest branch should be the strongest, and its branches, following the direction of the apex, gradually have become more subtle. Based on the direction of the barrel miniature trees, distinguish "strictly a direct form" (tekkan), when the bonsai is a perfectly straight trunk, and "free vertical form" (moegi, tatiki), in which the stem changes direction several times of growth, ie performs a kind of "movement."
This style is characterized mainly for different kinds of conifers.

Italic style bonsai (syakan)

The trunk is tilted in a certain direction. The rest of the formation of bonsai is similar to the formation of a vertical form, with horizontal or slightly sagging branches that diverge from the trunk to the left and right turns. Trees that are in that style, symbolize resistance to the wind.

Style double barrel bonsai (juice)

Two trees growing from one root, forming a double barrel. One of them should be strong and big, the second - a small and thin. The branches diverge horizontally, forming a common crown. This style is often called the "father and son" or "twins".

Multiple style bonsai (kabudati)

A few trees, mostly odd, grow from one root. The trunks vary in size and thickness: the youngest - thin trunks, with a large - thicker and stronger. The branches of the trees form a single crown.

Plotoobrazny style bonsai (ikada)

This style is reminiscent of the position of the tree that crashed into a swamp. Its lower branches are broken or sink into the marshy ground, and protruding branches begin to grow, becoming raznovelikie trees. Over time, the old wood rots, and young trees form their own crown.

Forest style bonsai (UTN-ue)

Ogostvolny style, mimicking a miniature forest. Trees (odd number) must be different in height. To enhance the prospects back trees with thick lower branches and dense foliage are placed in a more compact, the front left open the trunks with sparse foliage. The main tree is planted in front, on either side and slightly behind him are two other high tree. Uneven topography of the soil, rocks, stunted plants make more a more natural composition.

A cascade style bonsai (kengay)

Style simulates mountain plants, with steep drop-down steep slopes. Its characteristic feature - the trunk, abruptly sloping toward the deep container, powerful, pronounced roots. The top of the barrel goes down below the bottom of the container. When polukaskadnom style (han-kengay) stem tip reached the center of the container. High container visually create the effect of stability of the composition.

Literary style bonsai (bundzindzi)

Literary style is characterized by a kind of slim and long, often curved barrel, which resembles a form of calligraphic mark. Very few branches are located in the upper third of the trunk. The tree was placed in a very small and bright container. Crohn's should be correct in form and more extensive in width than in height.


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