Chernobyl, which still carries it in Belarus?
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At the International scientific-practical conference "Human ecology in post-Chernobyl period in Minsk, experts said that the consequences of the accident is still too early to judge, and victims should be supported in the future.

Chernobyl, which still carries it in Belarus?

Bryansk Regional Duma deputy Ludmila Komogortseva ecologist says that human life 25 years - a quarter or more of life. Those who were children at the time of the accident, raising their children already. From the viewpoint of medicine can also draw certain conclusions. However, in obscheprirodnom scale of humanity, as ignorant in regard to radiation exposure, and left. - From a global point of view of 25 years - a negligibly small amount of time. With regard to long-lived radionuclides: strontium, plutonium, which goes into americium-241 is their half-life of several centuries. True predictions of increasing the number of cancer cases. Today we can not say that Belarusians are close to solving the problem the accident at Chernobyl. Radiation we got rid of. Coming true predictions of the scientists who predicted the growth of cancer. - If the first few years in Belarus and in Russia, we struggled with the effects of thyroid pathology, but now we are concerned about the number of cases of breast cancer - said Komogortseva. - In the Bryansk region was screened more than 5,000 women, half of whom identified the disease of the breast. Our physicians are trying to figure out what the root cause of such widespread diseases. Many of them are inclined to believe that an increase in morbidity associated with radiation exposure of the population. In Belarus, the incidence of breast cancer also increases. Each year, sick to 3 thousand 700 people (in 1970 - 770). Over the past five years, growth rates of cancer have decreased, but the number of cases continued to grow. The highest incidence of breast cancer in 2009 was recorded in Minsk. Head of the Department oncomammology Republican Scientific Practical Center of Oncology and Medical Radiology Aleksandrov of Belarus Leonid Putyrskaya explains the growth of disease: - An increase in morbidity due to the fact that the more common factors contributing to the development of breast cancer. The women later gave birth, the environment has deteriorated. Risk factor for cancer, according to experts, is the presence of the disease in close relatives, the physical trauma of breast cancer, stress and anxiety, obesity, lack of vitamins (A, E, C, D), physical inactivity, abnormal liver function, thyroid, ovaries. The question remains: is the consequence of the increase in the incidence radiation impact on breast cancer or is associated with an indirect factor - a hormonal shift that is caused by high doses of radiation, who came to the thyroid - said Professor Alex Oceans, former director of the Institute of Radiation Medicine. Professor Oceans finds higher risk of developing thyroid cancer in Belarus. Conclusions are made on the basis of the Belarusian-American project in which each year surveyed 12,000 children in Belarus. In addition to cancer, has been extended hypothyroidism - a specific condition of the body associated with response to low levels of thyroid hormones, that is its underdevelopment. Hyperthyroidism causes a mental disability. The incidence of hypothyroidism in adults in 1998 was 11.7 per 100 thousand people and was 37.9 per 100 thousand population in 2008. The highest incidence rates are found in the Gomel region. Also, note the Oceans, we can not exclude the radiation factor in the occurrence of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and other diseases. Conclusions about the effects of radiation are based on incorrect data. Unfortunately, the conclusions are based on statistics, not always true, says Professor Oceans. - Statistics sometimes unreliable - says the expert. For example, who knows what doses people received the contaminated areas, or the liquidators? We know very well how to use a dosimeter to the entire group as a hidden dose to meet standards. Thus, information on the doses can not be called reliable. In addition, there are dose received in health care, which is insufficiently sensitive. It is believed that the natural background of each of the Belarusian citizens receive 2 mSv / year due to health - 1,4 mSv / year. I note that not every person goes through medical research. Consequently, there is a group of people who get through medical sources high-dose irradiation. With preventive health measures dose, as recorded in the statement should not exceed 1 mSv. And just in case of epidemics, we can exceed it. However, in practice it is not always enforced, - says Alexei Oceans. In addition, doctors stress the need to consider not only the external exposure but also the internal, which is get people through consumption of contaminated with radionuclides products.

Consequences of the Chernobyl accident is yet to come?

In this case, Oceans Notes: One of the main problems that prevents reliably judge the effects of radiation exposure - is a latent period of cancer. This period for the development of malignant tumors, except for leukemia and thyroid cancer is 20 years or more. The professor stressed that the statement on the Chernobyl Forum that the consequences of failure are not catastrophic for anyone other than the liquidators have been made in the period when the effects were not manifested in full measure. Chargé d'Affaires of Japan to the Republic of Belarus Kiyoshi Matsuzaki also believes that the rehabilitation of the affected regions will take a long time, so Japan is designed to help long term. According to Japanese doctors, the peak incidence of malignant tumors seen in 40 years after the catastrophe of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Meanwhile in Japan, there were single irradiation. Irradiation of the Belarusians is long in small, constant exposure dose. So even for the experts is the question - what impact is expected to Belarusians. Oceans convinced to mitigate health consequences of the Chernobyl accident, we must first improve the Cancer Registry (patients' files), create appropriate comparison group. Necessary to selectively determine radiation doses at least those people who are ill. - We know a lot more than we did 25 years ago. Nevertheless, we are faced with a huge number of issues - said Professor Oceans. It will be interesting to you read the article and what the consequences had the accident at the Chernobyl reactor plant world?

 

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